Sustainability

Management of a threatened river across an international border

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Across the border of United States and México there is a river called “Rio Grande” from which some close settlements get supply of this precious liquid for their diary activities. The water level in the river is now declining due to the high amount of water extracted to satisfy the needs of a growing population, thus creating an unsustainable situation where the use exceeds the supply.
The aforementioned situation has created many problems including some conflicts and pollution issues, many of them not considered by the policymakers. For this reason, a postdoctoral fellow in the IIASA water program named Luzma Fabiola Nava, did a research focused on perspectives of some people across the Rio Grande/Bravo basin; this activity included 77 interviews made to farmers, water managers, members of the academia, among others.
The results allowed the scientist to proposed four policy recommendations that could help strengthen water resources management in the region. The first one includes the water re-distribution as a mechanism for shifting or alternating the use of the liquid pending on the necessity. The second one comprises the inter and intra-relation of the experts from the region, creating better channels for communication and faster solutions when a problem arises. The third principle indicates that once the group of experts is formed, there is a necessity to formulate small-scale strategies that strengths efforts to restore the original conditions to finally agree with the last principle encompassing the agreement of binational treaties (for these case) that may account for a better handling of the current problems and for the design of strong contingency plans for future challenges.  
This study shows a fact that happen very often nowadays, and is our responsibility to concatenate all efforts and persuade the community to create a more sustainable behavior towards the improvement of our life conditions and the one of other species. I think that by following those aforementioned principles the sustainability could be reached followed by the commitment and of course the responsibility of a united society.
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